Bureau of Economic Analysis: 1st Quarter GDP Decreased Because of Trade Deficit

June 24, 2015


Real gross domestic product -- the value of the production of goods and services in the United States, adjusted for price changes -- decreased at an annual rate of 0.2 percent in the first quarter of 2015, according to the "third" estimate released by the Bureau of Economic Analysis.  In the fourth quarter, real GDP increased 2.2 percent.

[Reposted from the BEA page  |  June 24, 2015]

The GDP estimate released today is based on more complete source data than were available for the "second" estimate issued last month.  In the second estimate, the decrease in real GDP was 0.7 percent.  With the third estimate for the first quarter, exports decreased less than previously estimated, and personal consumption expenditures (PCE) and imports increased more (see "Revisions" on page 3).

The decrease in real GDP in the first quarter primarily reflected negative contributions from exports, nonresidential fixed investment, and state and local government spending that were partly offset by positive contributions from PCE, private inventory investment, and residential fixed investment.  Imports, which are a subtraction in the calculation of GDP, increased.


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