Buy American

CPA is working hard to bring about changes in Washington that will make it easier for manufacturing to return to the United States. Unfortunately this is a slow process and there is a lot of resistance from big money lobbyists who are paid to make sure that does not happen.

As consumers we can be the charging effect that helps makes it happen much faster. By supporting those companies and brands that are making products here now we will be driving growth in a sector of our economy that many had written off as dead. And, it’s happening!

Buying American helps to strengthen the U.S. economy, creates new jobs and promotes responsible, environmental practices.

These articles include stories and analysis from CPA realted to our Buy American Strategy

Trade: A uniting issue in a divided America

August 14, 2019 | , Marketing and Communications Director

Editors note: Roger Simmermaker is a CPA member. The old Washington consensus on free trade was bipartisan. We are forging a new bipartisan Washington consensus on a trade strategy that wins the global competition for good jobs and industries.  Exclusive: Roger Simmermaker explains manufacturing stimulates economic growth

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President Trump Wants Our Government to Buy American

August 08, 2019 | , Marketing and Communications Director

Congress Moves Toward Ban on Buying Chinese Buses, Railcars Over Spy Fears

July 23, 2019 | , Marketing and Communications Director

Editors note: This is an excellent result that CPA has been working on for some time.  The effort threatens to further fray trade talks with China, which wants to become a global player in transport and is already fuming over the U.S. decision to blacklist telecommunications giant Huawei Technologies Co.

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Maximizing job-creation bang-for-buck by reducing import leakages

June 13, 2019 | , Marketing and Communications Director

Editor’s note: This important report shows how a strong Buy America program combined with infrastructure spending can boost our economic strategy and minimize leaking taxpayer money to fund growth in other countries rather than here. How many more jobs would be supported by infrastructure investments if import shares were lower in domestic manufacturing?

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Congress Must Strengthen Buy America Act

June 05, 2019 | , Marketing and Communications Director

Excerpt: “Congress must act to strengthen the Buy American Act, not weaken it, eliminate the incentives for offshoring, and provide incentives for bringing manufacturing back to America." The Buy American Act was passed by Congress in 1933. It required the U.S. government to give preferential treatment to American producers in awarding of federal contracts. The Act restricted the purchase of supplies that are not domestic products. For manufactured products, the Buy American Act used a two-part test:  first, the article must be manufactured in the U.S., and second, the cost of domestic components must exceed 50 percent of the cost of...

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Keep up to date on current information that is happening from around the web that effects the Buy American issues. 

Lipinski, Bost Introduce Bipartisan "Buy American" Bill to Boost Job Creation and Ensure Taxpayer Dollars Are Spent in the U.S.

Excerpt: "A recent survey of 1,200 taxpayers commissioned by the Alliance for American Manufacturing found that 80% support Buy America programs."

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Wrangler Gets Rooted: Denim Company Rolls Out Fully American-made Jeans

Editor’s note: Even textile production is moving back to the US. 

The history of Wrangler blue jeans is rooted in America. The Greensboro, N.C., company first introduced its authentic western jeans to America’s cowboys in 1947 and eventually became one of the United States most popular brands.

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Made in the USA: One Awesome Thing Built in Each State

Editors note: This is a great list of at least one item that is made in America in every one of the 50 states.

And Washington D.C., too!

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Federal agencies use a staggering amount of Buy American Act waivers.  Although there is a patchwork of reporting requirements in some agencies, there is an overall lack of transparency.  This bill creates a website where waivers from all federal agencies are made available for the public to view, called BuyAmerican.gov.

Sec. 1 – The BuyAmerican.gov Act of 2018 (referred to as “the bill” below).  

Sec. 2 – DEFINITIONS. Defines the broad term “Buy American Law” to means any law, regulation, executive order, regulation, or rule relating to Federal contracts or grants that requires or provides a preference for the purchase or use of goods, products, or materials mined, produced, or manufactured in the United States.  These Buy American Laws include the Buy American Act (chapter 83 of title 41), the “Buy America” Act (section 5323(j) of title 49), the Berry Amendment (section 2533a of title 10), the Specialty Metal provisions in section 2533b of title 10, and the Buy American protection in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (6 U.S.C. 453b).  Defines Executive Agency.

Sec. 3 – SENSE OF CONGRESS ON BUYING AMERICAN.  President Trump’s Buy American Executive Order requires multiple layers of assessment and reporting on our Buy American laws.  It directs the executive branch to maximize the use of American content in all cases including on outsourced government service contracts.  It also directs every executive agency scrupulously monitor, enforce, and comply with Buy American Laws, to the extent they apply, and minimize the use of waivers, consistent with applicable law.  This section of the bill stipulates that it is the sense of the Congress that federal agencies should act in the way outlined in President Trump’s Executive Order on Buy American.  

Sec. 4 – REPORT ON BUY AMERICAN COMPLIANCE EFFORTS.  This section of the bill further codifies President Trump’s Buy American Executive Order, and provides further transparency and accountability of Buy American compliance. It requires a report, not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter for two years. This report requires the Secretary of Commerce, in consultation with the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the United States Trade Representative, the Secretary of State, and the heads of other executive agencies a report on the implementation of, and compliance with, Buy American laws.  This report will be delivered to the President, and importantly, Congress.  The version of this report authorized by the Buy American Executive Order was not delivered to Congress. 

Consistent with the Executive Order, the bill requires that the report include:

(1) An assessment of the monitoring of, enforcement of, implementation of, and compliance with Buy American Laws within each executive agency.

(2) A listing of each waiver and exception used by an executive agency and an assessment of waivers by type and impact on domestic jobs and manufacturing.

 (3) Recommendations for policies for executive agencies to ensure that, to the extent permitted by law, Federal financial assistance awards and Federal contacts maximize the use of goods, products, and materials mined, produced, and manufactured in the United States, including manufactured products, components of manufactured products, and materials such as steel, iron, aluminum, and cement.

Further, also in accordance with the President’s Executive Order, the bill requires that not later than 180 days, and annually thereafter for two years, the head of each executive agency shall submit to the Secretary of Commerce and the Director of the Office of Management and Budget a report on the implementation of, and compliance with, Buy American laws and covering with respect to that agency the elements set forth in subsection (b).  And not later than 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Commerce and the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, in consultation with the Secretary of State, the Secretary of Labor, the United States Trade Representative, and the Federal Acquisition Regulatory Council, shall issue guidance to executive agencies regarding how to make the required waiver assessments and develop the policies required under this section.

Sec. 5 - ASSESSMENT OF IMPACT OF FREE TRADE AGREEMENTS.  Codifying President Trump’s Executive Order on Buy American, not later than 150 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Commerce and the United States Trade Representative shall assess the impacts of all United States free trade agreements and the World Trade Organization Agreement on Government Procurement on the operation of Buy American Laws, including their impacts on the implementation of domestic procurement preferences.


Sec. 6. JUDICIOUS USE OF WAIVERS.  The President’s Executive Order pays particular attention to the use of “Public Interest” waivers, which is one of eight available waivers to the Buy American Act.  This waiver is not used very often, but this bill stipulates that, to the extent permitted by law, public interest waivers from Buy American Laws shall be construed to ensure the maximum utilization of goods, products, and materials produced in the United States.

Section 6(b) also states that a head of an Agency shall make the determination regarding the issuance of a public interest waiver.

Further, to the extent permitted by law, before granting a public interest waiver, the head of an executive agency shall take appropriate account of whether a significant portion of the cost advantage of a foreign-sourced product is the result of the use of dumped steel, iron, or manufactured goods (or if those items entered the United States in violation of U.S. custom laws) or the use of injuriously subsidized steel, iron, or manufactured goods, and shall, as appropriate, integrate any findings into its waiver determination.


Sec. 7 - ESTABLISHMENT OF BUYAMERICAN.GOV WEBSITE.  Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Administrator of General Services will create a new, publicly available and free to access, government-wide website called BuyAmerican.gov. (<-GSA already agreed to do this).  The website will include information on all waivers of Buy American laws that have been requested, are under consideration, or have been granted by executive agencies and be designed to enable manufacturers and other interested parties to easily identify waivers, and shall provide contact information for the contracting agencies.

In order for BuyAmerican.gov to work, it needs to receive timely information on agencies’ use of waivers.  The bill requires that the President, in consultation with the heads of relevant agencies, develop a mechanism to collect information on requests to waive Buy American laws and other domestic content restrictions, utilizing existing reporting requirements whenever possible in order to make BuyAmerican.gov timely and effective.

For “non-availability” waivers, another available waiver under both the Buy American and Buy America Acts, the bill requires executive agencies to report the use of the waiver as quickly as possible.  Prompt reporting is important for this type of waiver so that Americans manufacturers can quickly challenge the finding of non-availability.  Over the last 5 fiscal years, federal agencies granted 27,548 non-availability waivers.

This section provides for increased transparency and streamlining of waivers.  Not less than 15 days prior to issuing a waiver, the head of an executive agency shall make available to the public, by posting on the website established under subsection (a), a copy of the request and information available to the executive agency concerning the request, and shall allow for informal public comment on the request for at least 20 days prior to making a finding based on the request. The head of the executive agency shall make the request and information available to the executive agency concerning the request accessible to the public by electronic means, on the BuyAmerican.gov website.  GSA must post the information in 5 days and the public must be allowed to comment for 15 days prior to the issuance of a waiver.

No waiver may be granted if the request was not made available to the public, the information available to the executive agency concerning the request was not made available to the public, or no opportunity for public comment concerning the request was granted.

Information available to the executive agency concerning the request shall properly and adequately document and justify the statutory basis cited for the requested waiver. Such information shall include –

  • a detailed justification for the use of goods, products, or materials mined, produced, or manufactured outside the United States;


  • for requests citing unreasonable cost as the statutory basis of the waiver, a comparison of the cost of the domestic product to the cost of the foreign product or a comparison of the overall cost of the project with domestic products to the overall cost of the project with foreign-origin products or services, pursuant to the requirements of the applicable Buy American law;


  • for requests citing availability, quantity, or quality as the statutory basis for the waiver, information from a reasonable number of domestic suppliers concerning a product’s availability, quantity, or quality, documentation of the procurement official’s or assistance recipient’s efforts to procure from domestic sources and relevant excerpts from project plans, specifications, and permits indicating the required quantity and quality of the relevant products;


  • for requests citing the public interest as the statutory basis for the waiver, a detailed written statement, which shall include all appropriate factors, justifying why the requested waiver is in public interest; and


  • a certification that the procurement official or assistance recipient made a good faith effort to solicit bids for domestic products supported by terms included in requests for proposals, contracts, and communications with the prime contractor.

Two years after the enactment of this bill, GAO is authorized to submit to Congress a report describing the implementation of BuyAmerican.gov.

Further, nothing in this bill affects any existing disclosure requirements (like those already required by the Department of Transportation), and allows those disclosures to continue.  It also allows GSA to move BuyAmerican.gov successor information systems. 


Despite increased scrutiny of non-domestic sourcing, and increased transparency of that process, this Act shall be applied in a manner consistent with United States obligations under international agreements.

Here is the good news: 

We, as consumers, can solve this problem ourselves.  All we must do is choose to purchase quality products made in America, with money we are already spending, creating jobs in the communities where they are made.  By bringing this spending home, we can be the “intervening cause” that breaks the downward cycle of the vicious circle, and ushers in the virtuous circle:

With the global supply chain, it would be impossible to find a car that is 100 percent American-made. Here’s the biggie: If you look back to the list of $600 billion of deficits in consumer products, you will notice that nearly $200 million, one-third of the entire deficit, is attributable to automobiles and components.  This is the place where action is most effective, and most needed.  We have already noted the trend toward increasing the foreign content of cars that are assembled in the United States.  With the global supply chain, it would be impossible to find a car that is 100 percent American-made. So how can you be most effective in purchasing an American car?

The simple answer is this:

Make sure the next car you buy has the maximum possible percentage of U.S. “content”: parts, labor, and manufacturing overhead. 


Become a Label Reader

The first thing we each must do is to become an inveterate “label reader.”  The information can be hard to find, we will discuss this more, but once you get going on this, you will become quite adept at locating the country-of-origin label on packages and on products. 

Help Increase Awareness of Buy American

We've created downloadable and shareable assets - from fliers to videos - so you can easily help increase awareness and education about Buy American.


MadeinAmerica.com CEO, Don Buckner, To Be Interviewed Live On National Broadcast July 3rd

MadeinAmerica.com Founder & CEO, Don Buckner, will be interviewed nationally on a live radio broadcast to millions of people on July 3rd at 4:30pm. This will take place in NYC on The Sean Hannity Show, along with a special guest, Major Dan Rooney with Folds of Honor.

Don will take the chance to share the importance of buying American Made products and machines. He will also share the enthusiasm that we’re seeing from across the country for Made In America 2019.

The Made In America trade show event is monumental and will take place...

Made in America 2019

Kicking off America's biggest Made in America event! Visit here to register!

Official Text:

Dear President Trump:

We are writing to express our strong support for your July 15, 2019 executive order to increase minimum domestic content in federal purchasing to 75 percent under the Buy American Act of 1933. This order will boost domestic industrial capacity, enhance competitiveness, increase employment, and further our national security.

In fiscal year 2019, the federal government executed more than 2.7 million contracts with the private sector that were worth more than $500 billion. Contracts for the Department of Defense alone exceeded $300 billion.

Far too many companies like mine do not have an opportunity to access these federal contracts. And much of this business is farmed out by primary contractors to overseas competitors who benefit from their countries’ subsidies and currency misalignment. Your executive order takes into account the market realities that allow overseas competitors to bid at artificially low rates.

Your proposal to increase the allowed difference in the cost between domestic and imported goods—from 6-12 percent up to a higher 20-30 percent—is extremely welcome and helpful.

For years, the prevailing wisdom in Washington has been to find the lowest-cost contract, no matter the consequences for domestic industry. This has resulted in the offshoring of much of America’s defense industrial base. It has also reduced US military readiness to critical levels.

My company is part of the domestic industrial base that has long formed the backbone of the nation’s “arsenal of democracy.” We strongly urge your administration to move forward with these proposed Buy America rules to ensure 75 percent domestic content, and to close unnecessary loopholes in the regulations, such as for "micro-purchases" and information technology.


[Domestic producers]

cc: The Honorable Wilbur Ross, Secretary of Commerce
The Honorable Mick Mulvaney, Director of Office of Management and Budget
Dr. Peter Navarro, Assistant to the President for Trade and Manufacturing Policy
Tomas J. Philipson, Acting Chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers
Larry Kudlow, Assistant to the President for Economic Policy